Wi-Fi routers are becoming increasingly sophisticated due to the continuing advances in technology and the increasing demands of modern wireless networks. However, certain settings may interfere with the correct operation of your smart devices.
Here is a description of the most important settings required for proper operation of your smart devices:
- Network Name (SSID).
The network name is the identification of your Wi-Fi network. Choose a unique and recognizable name so that your smart devices can find and connect to it. It is convenient to choose a name without punctuation marks.
- Security type
The security type of your Wi-Fi network is crucial to prevent unauthorized access. WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access 2) is recommended because of the strong security it provides. Make sure your router is set to WPA2 or a similar security protocol and the authorization type to WPA2-PSK/WPA.
Set a strong password for your Wi-Fi network to prevent unauthorized access. A strong password consists of a combination of uppercase letters, lowercase letters, numbers and special characters. By choosing a strong password, you reduce the chances of someone penetrating your network and compromising your smart devices.
- Bandwidth and channel selection
Your router may offer different bandwidth options, such as 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz. Smart devices operate only on the 2.4 GHz band. Wi-Fi mode must be set to "802.11 b/g/n.
Also, choose the right channel to minimize interference from other wireless devices nearby. Smart devices support 20MHz channels 1 through 14.
Preferably choose channel 1, 6 or 11 as they do not overlap with each other.
- DHCP Settings
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is responsible for assigning IP addresses to your smart devices. Make sure DHCP is enabled in your router so that your devices can automatically obtain a valid IP address and communicate with the network.
- MAC address filtering
MAC address filtering is an additional layer of security that allows you to allow or block specific MAC addresses from connecting to your network. If this security is enabled in your router make sure you add the MAC addresses of your smart devices to the allowed list to ensure they can connect to your Wi-Fi network.
- Fast roaming
The "fast roaming" feature of a Wi-Fi router is an ability to seamlessly switch between multiple access points (access points) within the same wireless network without disconnecting. In some cases, this feature can cause problems when pairing smart devices. Should you encounter problems when pairing your smart devices, turn off the "fast roaming" feature and try pairing again.
Configuring these Wi-Fi settings correctly will ensure that your smart devices can safely and securely connect to your Wi-Fi network and function optimally. Consult your router's manual for specific instructions on how to set these settings, as the steps may vary depending on the make and model of your router.